India’s military and police have been using “riot control” in Kashmir for more than a year.
But a recent poll conducted by the National Council for Peace and Development shows that the public still wants peace in the Valley.
The poll found that only 41% of respondents want peace in Indian-administered Kashmir, while 57% want a solution in which the region is reunited with the rest of India.
The poll, conducted by Bawana Research and Communication for The Times of India, asked 2,001 respondents whether they supported peace or continued violence.
The results show that while 51% supported the peaceful resolution of Kashmiri issues, a majority of the public was against it, with a further 25% not willing to give it a chance.
This is the second time the survey has shown that the Indian military and the Indian police are resorting to the use of force to settle Kashmir’s simmering disputes.
Last year, the government asked the state’s paramilitary forces to enforce peace in a peacekeeping mission to help end the decades-old conflict between the Indian army and the separatist armed group, the Pakistan-based Islamic Movement of Kashmir (IMK).
On February 28, the army and police moved in to disperse a peaceful rally in Kashmir’s capital Srinagar, which was organized by a group of Indian students and scholars who had been protesting for more years for a better education for their community.
Police fired tear gas and water cannons to disperse the protesters, who were chanting slogans such as “We want peace” and “Free Kashmir.”
India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi said at the time that he was concerned that such events would encourage militancy.
On June 4, India launched its second peacekeeping operation, Operation Black Flag, in Kashmir to help de-escalate the tensions in the region.
It is expected to cost at least $100 million, but it is believed to be the largest peacetime operation in the country’s history.
While the military and law enforcement have used force to maintain order in Kashmir, there is growing criticism in the public of the Indian state’s lack of leadership in the past decade.
Last week, the U.S. government warned India against taking further steps to militarize the region and “impose its will on people.”
On June 11, the Supreme Court on Friday asked the government to provide the results of its peace survey to the government’s Supreme Court committee on human rights, and to provide a detailed breakdown of the poll results.
The government has been facing pressure to come up with a peace plan in recent months, particularly following the killing of two unarmed protesters on March 8 by the Indian security forces in Jammu and Kashmir.
The Supreme Court, however, has not ordered the government not to implement the plan.